Today we are going to discuss about Park Street Cemetery in Kolkata!
It is the earliest non-church cemeteries in the world!
It is the biggest Christian cemetery beyond Europe and America in 19th century.
It started in 1767
Before this was marshy area.
Cemetery has been used until around 1830.
This is a heritage site.
Archaeological Survey of India protects it.
It was opened due to the need of burial ground.
There is a road that goes to that cemetery.
It has been named Burial Ground Road.
The name was changed to Park Street
The reason is that there is park nearby Vansittart's garden house.
In 1785 burial ground was enlarged in northern side of our Park Street.
In 1840 new cemetery had started on the east of Lower Circular Road.
Europeans began to disuse in year 1790.
Gorosthaney Sabdhan, a Bengali film shooting based on Satyajit Ray novel was made here.
There is marble plaque at gate which shows:
"South Park Street, Opened:1767, Closed:1790".
There are approximately 2000 graves!
The tombs are mixture of Gothic and Indo-Saracenic style.
I have visited the South Park Street Cemetery!
As it opens by 10 am and closes by 5 pm!
So i could not enter that cemetery!
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Reputed personalities whose graves are found in this cemetery are as follows: Rose Aylmer (died 1800)
Elizabeth Barwell (died 1779)
George Bogle (1746-1781), diplomat
Lieutenant-General Sir John Clavering (c.1722-1777), army officer
Augustus Cleveland (d. 1784), colonial administrator
Captain Edward Cooke, (1772-1799), Royal Navy officer
Henry Louis Vivian Derozio (1809-1831), teacher and poet
Sir Elijah Impey (1732-1809), judge[dubious - discuss]
Sir William Jones (1746-1794), Indologist, founder of the Asiatic Society
Colonel Robert Kyd (1746-1793), botanist
Lieut. Col. Colin Mackenzie (1754-1821), Surveyor General of India
Sir John Hadley D'Oyly, 6th Baronet (1754-1818), politician
Major-General Charles Stuart (1758-1828), army officer and Indophile popularly known as "Hindoo Stuart"
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