there are stereotypes and misconceptions regarding women's rights in Islam but I want to make it clear that Islam does not suppress women in any way,
It has given women rights and uplifted her like never done before. Islam, the mercy of Allah, is for all of mankind and makes no preference to sex
during ancient times, women were deprived of rights and treated like slaves, they had no share in the family property, female infanticide was common,
the father of female child was humiliated and females were subjugated by males.
during pre-Islamic times, the beliefs regarding women were demeaning.The following info is not my opinion.It's factual information. 1)according to Greek mythology,
The first woman PANDORA was sent down into the world with a box containing all kinds of misery and evil. The moment the box was opened the world has been plagued with wickedness and sorrow
RESPECT FOR WOMEN: Prophet Muhammad SAW was the first historical personality to break the false myths which subjugated women in which sanctity was based on celibacy.
He showed that spirituality meant adhering to the limits set by Allah while remaining in the midst of family. A woman was shown to be a source of goodness rather than evil.
2)EVE THE TEMPTRESS: Eve tempted Adam to eat from the forbidden tree and was the reason for their expulsion from a life of comfort and happiness. (Gen 3:6 b)
This is the burden of the Original Sin which has to be shared by the entire human race. (Encyclopedia Britannica.1984;19:909)
3)ROMAN TEACHERS: The ideal teacher was the one who never married
4)JAIN COMMUNITY: "Woman to a monk is like a cat to a chicken"
5)ATHENS: "The status of women had degenerated to that of slaves. Wives were secluded in their homes, had no education and few rights and were considered by their husbands no better than cattle.
6)In ancient Rome, a woman's legal position was of complete subordination, first to the power of her father or brother and later to her husband who had paternal power over his wife.
In the eyes of the law females were regarded as imbeciles(Encyclopedia Britannica.1984; vol 19:pg909
7)ARISTOTLE: He maintained that women have fewer teeth than men although he was twice married. It never occurred to him to verify his statement by examining his wives' mouths. (Bertrand Russell.
The impact of science on society.1976: pg 17)
PRIMITIVE TRIBAL SOCIETIES
THE ARABS* DAUGHTERS BURIED ALIVE: A grave was dug next to a woman in labor so that if the baby was a girl she could be buried instantly without the mother even seeing her.
* INNUMERABLE MARRIAGES AND DIVORCES: *One woman could be married to many men *Man could keep on divorcing her and reclaiming her as often as he wanted to torture her
*WIDOWS: Became the property of the heirs. Stepson could marry his widowed stepmother
HINDUS*WOMAN COULD NOT INHERIT: At the time of marriage dowry was given to the groom to thank him for accepting the inferior creature
*SATEE: Widow did not have a right to live after her husband died. she had to jump into the funeral pyre with him
THE LIGHT OF ISLAM(THE INTELLECTUAL REVOLUTION)
In this darkness, Allah SWT sends His Messenger SAW. The light of Islam, the Quran, is first revealed to Rasool Allah SAW at the age of 40 in the cave of Hira
women rights according to Quranic verses:
SURAH AN NISA: 19 "O you who believe!
You are forbidden to inherit women against their will; and you should not treat them with harshness,
that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them unless they commit an open indecency; and live with them honorably.
If you dislike them, it may be that you dislike a thing and Allah brings through it a great deal of good"
SURAH AN NISA:7 "There is a share for men and a share for women from what is left by parents and those nearest related, whether the property be small or large, a legal share"
SURAH AN NAHL:97 "Whoever works righteously, whether male or female, while he is a believer, verily,
to him we will give a good life and we shall reward them in proportion to the best of what they used to do"
sayings of Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
"The most perfect man of religion is one who excels in character. The best among you is he who gives the best treatment to his womenfolk" (At Tirmidhi)
"Heaven lies at the feet of the mother" (Jami As Sagheer)
"the one who brings up three daughters, teaches them good manners and morals, arranges their marriages and treats them with fairness, deserves to be ushered into paradise"
"Shall I not tell you what the best object of charity is? It is your own daughter who has returned to you as a widow or divorcee and who has no one to earn for her except you" (Ibn Majah)
EQUALITY BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN IS IN STATUS, NOT IN THE WORKPLACE
Human equality does not mean that every man should be engaged in the same work like everyone else. Men and women were created differently to serve separate purposes (FORM FOLLOWS FUNCTION).
When putting in their respective fields they will be equally successful although in different ways.g.
What will happen if Einstein is put in a boxing ring? What will happen if Mohammad Ali is put in a scientific conference?
WOMAN'S HONOR WAS SACROSANCT
"Whoever slanders a chaste innocent woman in this world and in the hereafter and for them is a mighty punishment" (Surah e Noor:23) "...
80 lashes for slandering a chaste woman" (Surah e Noor:4) "... 100 lashes for rape" (Surah e Noor:2)"If the rapist is a married man, stone him to death". (Abu Dawud)
"The blood, property, and honor of every Muslim (male or female) is sacrosanct for the others" (Saheeh Muslim)
"A woman went out to pray the night prayer and a man raped her on the way. Hearing her screams people caught the rapist. Rasool Allah SAW ordered him to be stoned to death and let the woman go.
" (Tirmidhi & Abu Dawud)
"A boy had illicit relations with his employer's wife. His father gave 100 goats and a female slave to the woman's husband to get the crime forgiven.
When the case came to Rasool Allah saw he ordered the return of the gifts and ordered the Hadd punishment on the adulterer and the adulteress.
" (Saheeh Bukhari) (There is NO recompense or forgiveness acceptable for this crime)
* "A Jew killed a girl in Rasool Allah's SAW time. He ordered the Jew to be killed" (Saheeh Bukhari)