Cognitive distortion #1 Filtering
When your mind tricks you into thinking that something is impossible. You announce that you did not want to succeed anyway because the goal was tainted and not worthy of your efforts.
Cognitive distortion #2 Polarized thinking
“I always fail when I try to do something new; I therefore, fail at everything I try.” This is black and white thinking. The world is not about absolutes.
Cognitive distortion #3 Overgeneralization
We come to a general conclusion based on a single incident or a single piece of evidence. We start expecting a never-ending pattern of defeat.
Cognitive distortion # 4 Jumping to Conclusions.
Without individuals saying so, we know what they are feeling and why they act the way they do. In particular, we are able to determine how people are feeling toward us.
Cognitive distortion #5 Catastrophizing
The gloom and doom imperative. We expect disaster to strike, no matter what. This is also referred to as “magnifying or minimizing.”
Cognitive distortion #6 Personalization.
Personalization is a distortion where a person believes that everything others do or say is some kind of direct, personal reaction to the person. We constantly compare ourselves to others.
Cognitive distortion # 7 Control Fallacies
If we feel externally controlled, we see ourselves as helpless a victim of fate. The fallacy of internal control has us assuming responsibility for the pain and happiness of everyone around us.
Cognitive distortion # 8 Fallacy of Fairness
People who go through life applying a measuring ruler against every situation judging its “fairness” will often feel badly and negative because of it.
Cognitive distortion #9 Blaming.
We hold other people responsible for our pain, or take the other track and blame ourselves for every problem. Only we have control over our own emotions and emotional reactions.
Cognitive distortion # 10 Shoulds
Coulda-shoulda-woulda. When a person directs should statements toward others, they often feel anger, frustration and resentment.
Cognitive distortion # 11 Emotional Reasoning.
We believe that what we feel must be true automatically. If we feel stupid and boring, then we must be stupid and boring. You assume that your unhealthy emotions reflect he way things really are
Cognitive distortion # 12 Fallacy of Change
We expect that other people will change to suit us if we just pressure or cajole them enough. We need to change people because our hopes for happiness seem to depend entirely on them.
Cognitive distortion # 13 Global Labeling.
We generalize one or two qualities into a negative global judgment. These are extreme forms of generalizing, and are also referred to as “labeling” and “mislabeling.”
Cognitive distortion # 14 Always Being Right
We are continually on trial to prove that our opinions and actions are correct. Being wrong is unthinkable and we will go to any length to demonstrate our rightness.
Cognitive distortion # 15 Heaven’s Reward Fallacy
15 Common Cognitive Distortions By John M. Grohol, Psy.D. ~ 5 min read 15 Common Cognitive DistortionsWhat’s a cognitive distortion and why do so many people have them? Cognitive distortions ar